The 3 Best Places to Buy Live Crickets Online: Here’s Who You Can Trust

Crickets are a great staple feeder for many reptiles, but where is the best place to buy them?

These kinds of feeder insects can’t simply be caught in the wild so you will have to purchase them from a local or online vendor or breed your own (more on this later).

The one MAJOR advantage of buying them online is convenience. I mean, who wants to waste a trip to the store when you don’t have to? 

With so many online vendors to choose from, it’s easy to get overwhelmed with who to trust. Here, you will only find vendors that offer quality crickets for affordable prices. Onward!

In a hurry or just plain curious? 

Buyer’s Tip: This online vendor is the most popular amongst our readers due to their affordable prices, availability of feeder sizes, and overall quality.

Top 3 Places Online to Buy Crickets for Your Reptiles

Crickets for ReptilesCrickets for Reptiles

There are many places to buy crickets both online and locally so I’m just going to list vendors who I have personally had interactions with.

Amazon

Many live insect breeders use the Amazon platform to list and sell their live insects.

Do a quick search and you’ll find popular brands such as Bassetts Crick Ranch, Josh’s Frogs, VM Feeders, and more.

You can get practically any and all feeder insects for reptiles on Amazon.com as it is quickly becoming a mega marketplace for both consumers and sellers alike.

In my opinion, this is one of the best places to buy crickets since you have so many options to choose from. Not to mention, you may already have a Prime membership by now so it’s possible you’re familiar with the merchant and the platform.

Often times cricket sellers will compete with one another to have the lowest price which makes you, the consumer, the benefactor among these price wars.

My advice? Check Amazon first if you’re new to buying crickets as you will have many sizes and quantity options to choose from.

Another reason to consider Amazon is for their stellar customer support.

When vendors choose to sell on Amazon, they have to adhere to strict performance metrics such as a low number of complaints if they wish to continue using the platform.

Other reputable online vendors for purchasing crickets online include…

Fluker Farms

Fluker Farms LogoFluker Farms Logo

Established in 1953, this Louisiana based family business has grown to be one of the biggest suppliers of live insects in the country.

Fluker Farms offers more than simply crickets so you’ll find everything from live insects to plants, vines, and bedding here.

On their website, you can purchase crickets in quantities ranging from just 100 all the way to 5,000+.

Backwater Reptiles

Backwater Reptiles LogoBackwater Reptiles Logo

Based out of Northern California, Backwater Reptiles offers 9 different sizes of crickets in quantities of either 500 or 1,000 in addition to free overnight shipping. BW Reptiles also sells a wide variety of reptiles, amphibians, and more.

How Many Crickets Should You Buy?

This answer really depends on the age and size of your reptile in addition to the size of the crickets themselves.

Cricket SizesCricket Sizes

Some juvenile reptiles can easily consume approximately 50+ crickets per day but this number will likely change as they grow into healthy adults.

In contrast, an adult bearded dragon will only consume 30-50 crickets per week.

Tips for Buying Live Crickets

The following three tips will help your cricket buying experience go more smoothly! Consider the following…

Have a cricket keeper ready

Cricket KeeperCricket Keeper

The first step is knowing the best place to order them from.

After this, you’ll want to get a cricket keeper and then prepare their habitat.

The video below demonstrates how exactly you should setup your cricket feeder.

Consider the Vendors Location

Cricket Location GraphicCricket Location Graphic

Crickets may die for a handful of reasons, but one of the biggest headaches to deal with is when they arrive dead. Yes, this can happen!

Some of the reasons why this can happen include insufficient ventilation, poor sanitary conditions, and inadequate temperatures, all of which can easily occur during extended transit times.

So, the closer the vendor is to your area the better.

Check for a “Live Guarantee”

Fluker Farms Live GuaranteeFluker Farms Live Guarantee

Live guarantees from a vendor are simply their promise that the crickets you buy from them will live a certain number of hours or days after receiving them.

Typical guarantees with live crickets are 24 hours after receiving them but some can be as high as 72 hours. Live guarantees will vary based on the season and temperature outside.

Alternatives to Buying Crickets Online

Like I mentioned before, there are many places to purchase crickets. The two alternatives are choosing to buy them locally or raising your own.

Buy them locally

Local Reptile StoreLocal Reptile Store

There are advantages to buying them locally such as how quickly you can get them and smaller quantities you can take advantage of.

Search in your area for a reptile shop, Petco, or Petsmart.

Breed and raise your own

Breeding CricketsBreeding Crickets

Although this may not sound attractive to you at first, you may want to eventually consider breeding your own crickets.

Learning how to breed and raise crickets can significantly reduce your beardie’s grocery bill despite the time commitment.

Breeding crickets especially comes in handy if you own find yourself wanting to own more than one reptile.

Summing Up Where to Buy Live Crickets

With so many great cricket vendors to choose from, your options are practically endless.

At the end of the day this isn’t really a big decision so don’t sweat trying to research them all.

Just pick one so you can get back to spending time with your beardie.

Have You Read These Bearded Dragon Articles Yet?

8 Largest Pet Lizards You’ll Be Dying to Own (Expert & Beginner Friendly)

Lizards are fantastic pets for many people. They are intriguing and give insight into the world of cold-blooded animals. But, what if you’re interested in not just any old lizard… but the largest pet lizards you can possibly own?

Fortunately, once you learn about their proper care and habitat set-up, even the largest pet lizards become pretty easy to care for. Just make sure you respect their power!

You see, their ability to cause damage is what makes the large lizards more complicated to care for than their smaller counterparts. This strength and size gives them an incredible “WOW” factor. And this is especially when they take up an entire wall or room in your house!

But, with all of this being said… they are certainly NOT not for everyone, as you’ll soon discover.

Now, before diving into the specific largest pet lizards recommendations, it is important to first note that the most commonly owned types of large lizards fall into one of two categories: monitors and iguanas.

Below are lists of monitors and iguanas that are often found in people’s homes as well as a bonus lizard species that falls into this category. It is also important to note that large lizards should generally be kept by experienced owners only.

Now, let’s dive headfirst into exploring the best largest pet lizards available to you!

Best Largest Pet Lizards: Monitor Lizards

The following recommendations will all include variations of the Monitor Lizard.

And in order to prevent redundancy, here are some things to keep in mind that ALL monitors need:

  • thick, deep substrate for digging and burrowing (several feet deep)
  • a huge habitat and room to roam (often an actual room)
  • several heat lamps that they can’t touch
  • a filtered pond
  • copious amounts of food

Recommendation #1: Savannah Monitor

Savannah MonitorSavannah Monitor

The Savannah monitor, also called a Bosc monitor, is considered to be a medium sized lizard in the large lizard category. Its appearance is interesting because it looks more like a large tegu than the other lizards in the monitor family. Despite its chill looks, this lizard can be a handful.

The Savannah monitor grows to be over three feet long and needs an expansive habit to handle its size and energy levels.

As its name implies, it comes from a dry, arid, desert landscape so the home enclosure MUST mimic its natural environment.

Savannah monitors grow to the size of their habitat so even young Savannah monitors need as large a habitat as you can manage.

Typically the habitat should be six feet in every direction. It isn’t uncommon to find owners dedicate a room in their house to this reptile’s care.

They are active predators in the wild and are constantly exploring and moving. Savannah monitors also love to dig and will need heavy, deep soil substrate that is contained and won’t collapse in on them.

They are capable of becoming friendly, but this is NOT their natural temperament. As such, they need an experienced handler to manage their behavior.

Their bites can be aggressive and painful, often needing stitches. With diligence, they can be trained to use a harness, but not all Savannah monitors have the personality for this level of training.

The right Savannah monitor can be a wonderful pet with the right handler, but too often they are relinquished to a rescue because they are unmanageable.

Recommendation #2: Nile Monitor

Nile MonitorNile Monitor

The Nile monitor is the largest of all the African lizards, weighing 45 pounds at maturity and reaching five feet in length.

They are quite active when they are young, loving to climb and move, but unlike the Savannah monitor, this does slow down slightly as they get older.

Nile monitors do not have the easiest temperaments.

Even a well-handled, well-trained Nile monitor can cause serious damage, sending you to the emergency room for stitches on a somewhat regular basis just from attempting to hold it.

They have massive, sharp claws, but that is not their only weapon. They have a lot of razor-sharp teeth and will whip you with their tail.

The experienced reptile owner will purchase a captive-bred Nile monitor and handle it constantly its entire life. Even with this dedication, you are at the mercy of their temperament.

Nile monitors need to eat almost constantly. They are very athletic and move quickly, burning calories to move their large bodies around their habitat.

Recommendation #3: Black-throat monitor

black throated monitorblack throated monitor

Of the big lizards, this is a better choice giant lizard for lizard owners with limited experience.

The Black-throat monitor should NOT be your first lizard, but if you have the room for it (and it will need a room!) the Black-throat monitor is not the worst choice.

The Black-throat monitor is huge, bigger than the Savannah monitor, weighing between 50 and 60 pounds and can grow up to six feet in length.

The Black-throat lizards have an excellent personality, but they are still capable of causing damage. Usually this will be accidental as they might cut you trying to climb onto you.

If you get their diet and habitat right, and handle it constantly, the Black-throat lizard will likely thrive and not show aggressive behavior.

Recommendation #4: Asian Water Monitor

Asian Water MonitorAsian Water Monitor

If you’re looking for the best large lizard that you can actually bond and play with, look no further than the Asian Water Monitor. 

As far as temperaments go, the Asian Water Monitor surpasses all the other giant monitors. They are playful and curious.

However, while they still have the potential to harm, it is unlikely they would intentionally hurt you.

In addition to a fantastic personality, Asian Water monitors are VERY intelligent. This allows them to be more trainable than you might expect.

You may also bond better with the Asian Water monitor because of their intelligence and their ability to interact with humans.

Males grow to between five and eight feet in length while females grow to between four and six feet.

They live longer than many of their monitor counterparts. In fact, they will live an average of 15 years in captivity but are known to reach 20 years!

Adults need an enclosure that is at least 8-feet by 6-feet by 8-feet, but they can start with a smaller enclosure that grows with them as they mature.

Best Largest Pet Lizards: Iguanas

Now that we’ve adequately covered the best options for the largest pet lizards from the monitors species, let’s dive into iguanas!  

Like above, in order to prevent redundancy, here are some things to keep in mind that ALL iguanas need:

  • a large habitat with room to roam and climb
  • several basking lights
  • copious amounts of vegetation
  • food must be kept at proper mineral ratios for each life stage
  • large water bowl for soaking and drinking

Recommendation #1: Green Iguana

green iguanagreen iguana

The Green Iguana is perhaps the MOST familiar iguana in the large reptile family. Its vibrant color has made them one of the most popular reptiles available for purchase. This is not necessarily a good thing…

You see, depending on who you ask, Green Iguanas are either one of the worst reptiles to keep OR they aren’t so bad as long as you have the right habitat conditions.

Some of the variation in reports on Green iguanas comes down to their personalities. Green iguanas can be somewhat docile, but they can also be aggressive.

An aggressive Green iguana can easily send its caretaker to the emergency room especially if it clamps their teeth into them and uses predatory tactics like the death role.

Caretakers have lost fingers this way. The temperament of the Green Iguana can vary depending on their age, sex, and stage of development.

For instance, it isn’t uncommon for a juvenile, male green iguana to start out incredibly docile and friendly but become aggressive and never return to its friendly state as it matures.

The habitat of the Green iguana is like any other giant lizard… LARGE! It needs plenty of space to move and climb and the right heating and humidity levels.

If you’re going to have any shot of success when raising these guys, you MUST plan ahead before you even begin to consider this iguana.

🤓Expert Tip: If you’re on the hunt for a reptile for your child to care for and raise, it would be best to NOT opt for the Green Iguana. In fact, not many of the suggestions in this list are child friendly. Instead, you should opt for a proven beginner friendly lizard instead that will be easier to care for and handle.

Recommendation #2: Rhinoceros Iguana

rhinoceros iguanarhinoceros iguana

Rhino Iguanas range between two to four feet in length. When compared to the Green iguana, their temperaments are more placid and consistent.

They might go through a squirrely phase in adolescence but that usually levels out as they reach adulthood.

They can live up to 20 years in captivity. This means you’ll have more good years with a docile Rhino iguana once you get through the temperamental early years.

However, that 20-year mark shows how much of a commitment you are in for.

Despite the easier temperament, not all Rhino Iguanas are docile nor are they right for all reptile owners…

As we know by now, these large lizards need serious space. And the requirements to care for them, coupled with their ability to cause damage puts them in the category of “not ideal for beginners.”

However, a lizard keeper with moderate experience might consider this Rhinoceros Iguana after doing significant research and planning.  

Honorable Mentions

In addition to the recommendations for largest pet lizards above, you’d be wise to consider the following two below.

You’ll find a great medium sized option in the Ackie and a more gentle giant in that of the Tegu!

Ackie Monitor

Ackie MonitorAckie Monitor

The Ackie monitor is not a giant lizard. It reaches only 28-inches in length.

However, it is one of the easiest and most pleasant monitors to keep and is considered a beginner monitor for lizard keepers.

If you are dreaming of keeping monitors, this is the one to start with despite its moderate size.

Argentine Tegu

Argentine TeguArgentine Tegu

The Argentine Tegu is not a monitor nor an iguana so it gets its own category. This Tegu grows up to four feet and has a wonderful, often playful, personality.

They can live up to 20 years and are powerful and athletic. Yet, despite all that power they are unlikely to bite.

The Argentine Tegu is an omnivore, eating a higher protein diet earlier in life and then transitioning to a higher vegetation diet.

This Tegu is trainable and it is possible to take them out on a harness with some work.

Wrapping Up the Best Largest Pet Lizards

All large lizards are powerful and should not be purchased without careful research and planning. It is better to find out if you are a skilled lizard keeper by having easier, smaller lizards.

When you are ready you can commit a room in your house, a chunk of your budget, and several decades of your life to caring for a giant lizard.

If you do choose this path, consider starting with the Argentine Tegu or the Asian Water Monitor. Even better, get the medium-sized Ackie Monitor as your first larger lizard.

15 Incredibly Special Gift Ideas for Turtle Lovers They Will Actually Want

What is it about turtles that makes society so fascinated by them?

I know my own love for turtles grew quickly after I found one in my backyard decades ago, but as an outsider, you might not get the appeal at first, so I’ll do my best to quickly break it down.

Sadly, many species of turtles are endangered due to poaching, overexploitation, and habitat destruction. What’s more, we are talking about a species that dates back over 100 million years ago (back when dinosaurs roamed)!

And if you’ve never witnessed it for yourself, it’s easy to get mesmerized by the graceful strokes of a Sea Turtle as you observe them effortlessly glide through the water.

You see, turtles have major cultural significance among societies alike and are a crucial element among our marine ecosystems. This is why they are so special and beloved by many.

Whatever the reason why your giftee loves turtles, these gifts will turt-ally blow them away.

In fact, most of these turtle themed gifts are sentimental in nature and are sure to impress the receiver with your level of care and attention to detail. Onward!

Turtle Lovers Parking Only Metal Novelty Sign

StickerPirate Turtle Lovers Parking Only 8StickerPirate Turtle Lovers Parking Only 8

Are you searching for a memorable novelty that not only has sentimental value but also offers a good laugh?

If so, this Turtle Lovers Only parking sign is truly a one of kind idea that any recipient would be thrilled to have!

Perfect for indoor or outdoor use, your receiver can now proudly showcase their love for turtles for all to see in their chosen area.

Printed on weatherproof material that does not rust, this product includes two holes for easy mounting in their place of choosing.

Women’s Turtle Socks

Good Luck Sock Women's Turtle Socks - Green, Adult Shoe Size 5-9Good Luck Sock Women's Turtle Socks - Green, Adult Shoe Size 5-9

Featuring cute turtle graphics and a material that is comfortable enough for lounging at home or running errands, here’s a gift that will make them think of you every time they go to put them on.

Perfect for grandmas, girlfriends, wives, and even friends, this gift idea is guaranteed to bring a huge smile to any turtle lover’s face with every use!

Sea Turtle Sherpa Fleece and Reversible Throw Blanket

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Are you looking for a practical gift idea that you can’t go wrong with? Yes?! Surprise them with this sea turtle inspired blanket that they will be dying to cuddle up with every time.

Perfect for watching tv, reading a book, or simply cuddling up with on cold nights, this Sherpa fleece blanket not only offers a soft and comforting warmth, but will also remind them of their favorite animal.

This blanket features a wide variety of designs and is available in a baby, twin, queen, king, and throw sizes.

Sea Turtle Canvas Wall Art

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This canvas is the perfect interior design gift that any recipient can proudly display in virtually all areas of their home or office space.

Featuring an eye-catching and natural design with colors that are vibrant enough to turn heads, your recipient will gladly make this the focal point in the room of their choosing.

And with the included nails and hook, this canvas comes ready to hang!

Realistic Stuffed Sea Turtle Soft Plush Toy or Throw Pillow

Athoinsu Realistic Stuffed Sea Turtle Soft Plush Toy Ocean Life Tortoise Throw Pillow Birthday for Toddler Kids, 18''Athoinsu Realistic Stuffed Sea Turtle Soft Plush Toy Ocean Life Tortoise Throw Pillow Birthday for Toddler Kids, 18''

Are you shopping for a turtle or tortoise loving child? Here’s a gift they will happily hug and squeeze until their heart’s content.

Featuring a realistic appearance crafted from soft plush material, this gift can serve as a pillow that coincidentally is also capable of helping to teach them the importance of protecting the endangered turtle species!

Cute Sea Turtle Statues Holding Signs With Funny Sayings

Ebros Whimsical Cute Sea Turtles Set of Four Statue Set Holding Signs With Funny Sayings Baby Tortoises FigurinesEbros Whimsical Cute Sea Turtles Set of Four Statue Set Holding Signs With Funny Sayings Baby Tortoises Figurines

Are you searching for an absolutely adorable gift that will instantly begin melting the giftee’s heart when they see it? These cute and funny baby tortoise figurines each feature a different saying that the recipient will have a blast trying to figure out where to place them all!

Perfect for valentine’s day, anniversaries, birthdays, and other special occasions, your gift won’t disappoint since the figurines’ sweet and special charm is so painstakingly lovable.

Sea Turtle Stemless Wine Glass

Integrity Bottles Sea Turtle Stemless Wine Glass, Crackle Teal, Handblown, Tribal Design, Hand Etched Gifts, Sand CarvedIntegrity Bottles Sea Turtle Stemless Wine Glass, Crackle Teal, Handblown, Tribal Design, Hand Etched Gifts, Sand Carved

Created by dipping molten glass in cold water, this handblown stemless wine glass features not only an elegant sea turtle tribal design, but also an immaculate crackle texture to match.

Showcasing remarkable hand-etched craftsmanship, this gift makes the perfect housewarming gift, wedding gift, retirement gift, and other similar special occasions!

This wine glass will undoubtedly be something the recipient reaches for every time they pour their favorite vino.

Glass Turtle Gift Ornament

Kurt Adler 4Kurt Adler 4

This Christmas themed turtle ornament will make decorating for the holidays and opening presents extra special.

Crafted from both glass and resin, this Santa hat wearing sea turtle embellishment will send any turtle loving giftee into a cuteness overload induced tizzy.

Marine Life Snow Globe with Sea Turtle Statue Figurine

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Is your recipient a sucker for snow globes AND turtles? If so, gift them this sea turtle inspired snow globe that they can proudly display around their house or on their desk at work during the holidays!

Turtle Ashtray

Rabbitroom Turtle Ashtrays for Cigarettes Ashtray with Lid, Creative Cigarettes Ash Tray, Cute Resin Ash Holder for Indoor Outdoor Home Office and Car (Turtle)Rabbitroom Turtle Ashtrays for Cigarettes Ashtray with Lid, Creative Cigarettes Ash Tray, Cute Resin Ash Holder for Indoor Outdoor Home Office and Car (Turtle)

Transform any old boring ashtray into something that is not only beautiful to display, but also has serious functionality which includes a lid to ensure that furniture and rooms don’t become dirty by blown around ashes.

Don’t be surprised if you hear that this was the best gift they have received in a long time!

Drinking Turtle Wine Bottle Holder

Drinking Turtle Wine Bottle Holder Statue As Decorative Tabletop Wine Racks and Display Stands for Nautical, Sea & Aquatic Home and Bar Décor or Unique Whimsical Gifts for Wine LoversDrinking Turtle Wine Bottle Holder Statue As Decorative Tabletop Wine Racks and Display Stands for Nautical, Sea & Aquatic Home and Bar Décor or Unique Whimsical Gifts for Wine Lovers

This turtle themed wine bottle holder is one any vino lover will happily display on their bar or bar cart.

Featuring a playfully designed structure, this holder makes for a fun and unique piece of décor that would perfectly match other turtle, aquatic, or nautical themed pieces.

Your giftee will love storing their favorite bottle of wine in this holder.

Turtle Solar Powered Outdoor Garden Light

Turtle Solar Powered Outdoor Decor Garden Light with LED Glowing ShellTurtle Solar Powered Outdoor Decor Garden Light with LED Glowing Shell

Does your giftee enjoy spending time decorating and enjoying their backyard? If so, consider gifting them this turtle inspired garden light that makes lighting up a chosen area easy and backyard adventures even more special. Just be prepared for your giftee to want similar companion items!

Salt and Pepper Turtle Figurine Shaker Set

Lenox 827662 Butterfly Meadow Figural Turtle Salt and Pepper, 0.5 LB, MultiLenox 827662 Butterfly Meadow Figural Turtle Salt and Pepper, 0.5 LB, Multi

Gift them a fun way to salt and pepper their food with this ceramic shaker set that puts an exciting spin on the traditional shakers!

Turtle Cast Iron Key Hider Stone

GWARE- Cast Iron Key Hider- Outdoor | Indoor Decoration- Garden Accessory- for Key | Ear Studs | Ring | Paper Clip- 1 Pcs (Turtle)GWARE- Cast Iron Key Hider- Outdoor | Indoor Decoration- Garden Accessory- for Key | Ear Studs | Ring | Paper Clip- 1 Pcs (Turtle)

Are you looking for an inexpensive gift that is both practical and sentimental? Gift them this inconspicuous looking turtle cast that can easily hide keys and be placed outside in case of emergencies.

Turtle Flower Pot

Youfui Cute Animal Succulent Planter Flower Pot Decor for Home Office Desk (Turtle)Youfui Cute Animal Succulent Planter Flower Pot Decor for Home Office Desk (Turtle)

Perfect for any mother-in-law or friends who love planting and animals, this succulent or flower-based planter can be placed inside any home or office to give it that special look and feel.

Conclusion

You may not have the same special connection to turtles that your receiver does, but you can easily make any recipients special day that much better by gifting them any one of these turtle themed gift ideas!

Frogs Vs. Toads: 6 Key Differences & Similarities Everyone Should Know…

Toads have bumps, right? And frogs are smooth. Perhaps this is how you were taught to tell the difference between a frog and a toad. Wouldn’t it be nice if it were actually this simple?

That way if a bumpy creature hopped across the trail in front of you, you would know with confidence that a toad and NOT a frog was paying you a visit.

Unfortunately, as you’ve probably picked up by now, bumpy skin alone is not an identifying feature for toads.  

So, what exactly are the differences between a toad and a frog? Well, in reality, nothing.

Scientifically speaking toads are frogs are not classified into specific taxonomical groups.

However, in casual settings, distinctions are made between the frog and the toad with the idea that all toads are frogs but not all frogs are toads. Toads have unique features that make them distinct from the main frog category. 

Clear as mud? Keep reading to find out what makes a toad a toad and not just another frog.

Frogs vs. Toads Differences

Difference #1: Skin

As noted above, frogs and toads are often over-simplified into categories of bumpy or not bumpy skin. However, at first glance some frogs with bumpy skin look like toads!

An excellent example of this is the South American Horned Frog, also called a Pac-Man Frog. This fellow is large and stout with bumpy skin. Yet he is most definitely a frog and not a toad.

The Pac-Man Frog, like all other frogs, has smooth, moist looking skin. If you hold one, they will usually feel a little slimy. This is due to a waxy secretion that keeps their skin from drying out and even acts as a microfungal and microbial layer to keep them healthy.

While the skin has this smooth look, that doesn’t mean it can’t have bumps! You see, the smoothness comes from the sheen of moist skin.

A toad’s skin is drier, wartier, and more waterproof, indicating their preferred habitat along fields, in woods, and in gardens.

This adaptation means that the toad can live in drier locations whereas the frog must live near damp locations.

Difference #2: Eggs

Frog Eggs Vs Toad EggsFrog Eggs Vs Toad Eggs
As you can see, frog eggs and toad eggs do differ in appearance somewhat, specifically when it comes to the formation in which they’re laid. Frog eggs tend to be clustered together where a toad’s eggs will often be in lines.

If you are lucky enough to see a toad or frog laying eggs, this will definitively tell you which amphibian you are viewing.

A toad lays its eggs in long strings or lines. They might possibly be wrapped in tall grass around a body of water or over some leaves. This makes them very hard to spot.

In comparison, the frog lays its eggs in large, round clusters on top of the water’s surface. They are much easier to see.

And if you peer closely you’ll see black spots, which are the embryos inside the eggs. This translucency allows the embryos to gather more heat from the sun.

Another tell-tale sign they are frog eggs is if there is a male frog hovering nearby. In some frog species it is the male’s job to guard the eggs.

On the contrary, the toads abandon their young trusting that their offensive secretions will be enough to repel predators.

Difference #3: Body Shape

Frogs tend to be nimbler than toads. This gives them a body that is longer and leaner, enabling them to move quickly both in and out of the water.

When their hind leg is stretched to full length it will be longer than the head and the body combined. The frog therefore has the ability to take leaps farther than the length of its own body.

On the flip side, toads hardly look like athletes. They have stout bodies that are used more for crawling than the long leaps associated with frogs.

Their legs are generally not longer than their bodies and they tend to prowl around on the ground instead of jumping from one location to the next.

Body shape is more of a generalization for toads and frogs and is one of the first thing people look at when deciphering whether an amphibian is a toad or a frog.

In some cases, like the Pac Man frog, it is hard to tell which necessitates other features (such as skin’s appearance) needing to be studied. 

⭐️Fun Fact: Chance are, you probably don’t know how frogs are able to jump so high. Well, until recently scientists didn’t either! That is until a study at Brown University found that the tendons within their legs coil up like springs and launch them into the air similar to that of a catapult. 

Frogs vs. Toads Similarities

Note: It’s important to acknowledge that because frogs and toads are essentially the same creature, their similarities are far beyond what can be encompassed in this article.

However, with this being said, below are 3 key similarities everyone should be well aware of!

Similarity #1: Classification

For the science nerds, all frogs and toads fall under the same taxonomical classification. The taxonomical hierarchy looks like this:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Sub phylum: Vertebrata
  • Group: Gnathostomata
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Clade: Salientia
  • Order: Anura

From here, the family category can be either bufonidae (true toad) or ranidae (true frogs). While this implies that true toads are a family of their own, they still fall under the category of frog. 

What this means for the layperson is that after eons of scientific research, the powers that be have determined that biologically frogs and toads are the same species. This means that they have more in common than they don’t.

Similarity #2: Glandular skin

Toads and frogs both have glands that give off secretions. These glands are located primarily along the head and back, but the kind of secretions they give off can vary…

Both toads and frogs give off secretions that can range from off-putting to poisonous. This helps repel predators.

Fast acting poisonous glands may cause predators to drop the frog or toad. On the contrary, slow acting poisonous glands may teach the predator to avoid that species in the future.

⭐️F
un Fact:
The difference between poisonous and venomous creatures is that one is dangerous if you touch it and the other is dangerous if you are bitten. For example, if you touch a poisonous frog you will feel the effects of its poison. With a venomous snake, you need to be bitten (not touched) to experience the negative effects.

Water loving frogs will have more mucous secretions that dry land frogs and the same is true for toads.

Frogs and toads both shed their skin periodically and then consume it to remove any trace that they were in the area. This is called dermatophagy.

This very phenomenon is also what is believed to allow frogs and toads to reabsorb nutrients and to keep the permeable nature of the skin by preventing it from becoming hard or rigid.

Some frogs will shed their skin as often as every day. Most amphibians shed their skin more frequently than reptiles like snakes.

To date, there are NO known venomous toad species. However, there are two known species of venomous frogs, Bruno’s casque-headed frog and Greening’s frog. 

Both frogs are found in the Brazilian Caatinga scrublands and have skull spines that inject venom into their victims. These frog will cause you A LOT of pain but are not usually lethal to humans.

Similarity #3: Diet and Feeding

frog eating live bugfrog eating live bug
The bigger the frog… the bigger the food! Frogs and toads alike tend to capture prey in correlation to their body size, which is why you’ll often find large specimens hunting mammals while the smaller species stick to bugs.

Both frogs and toads have similar feeding habits.

Since they are found on every continent except Antarctica, their habitats are extremely varied. This means that their diets are also varied, but what is consistent is that the frogs and toads eat a carnivorous diet.

Frogs and toads typically catch their prey with long sticky tongues.

Some frogs have teeth called maxillary or vomerine teeth that help hold the prey still. These teeth are only on the roof of the mouth and do not function for chewing capacities.

Another similarity is that frogs and toads tend to swallow their food whole.

Since food is not masticated, or chewed, the size of the prey depends on the size of the frog. They are typically known for catching flies out of the air, but these are not the only things frogs and toads eat…

Most small to medium frogs and toads (or those you’d be most likely to own as pets) will easily consume

  • mosquitos
  • moths
  • dragonflies
  • earthworms
  • grasshoppers

However, it might surprise you to learn that the largest frogs and toads will eat small mice, baby turtles, small frogs, and baby snakes!

Additionally, many frogs and toads will starve even if they are surrounded by dead insects because they NEED to sense motion to understand that what surrounds them is food.

However, many frogs kept in captivity have adapted to eating fresh killed or preserved food.

Wrapping Up Toads Versus Frogs 

Frogs and toads are the same species and therefore have more commonalities than they do differences. However, by identifying toads as a sub-group the average person can easily narrow down or identify species they find in the wild.

The common attributes, like dry skin and short legs, give a clue to the amphibian’s behavior and natural habitat.

Frogs and toads have many fascinating overlapping qualities. For example, they both absorb water through their bellies in an area called the “drinking patch.”

They both use their eyes to swallow, which is why you may see them blinking hard when they eat.

With the exception of a few toad species that have live births, they both take between seven and 10 days for their eggs to hatch into tadpoles, at which point it’s very hard to tell them apart until they get a bit older.

Whichever amphibian you are observing, they are guaranteed to entertain you with their fascinating behavior and intriguing qualities.

6 Irresistibly Cute Pet Turtles that Stay Small FOREVER (With Pictures!)

Let’s face it… tiny pet turtles that stay small are irresistibly cute. So irresistible, in fact, that a law was put into place in the United States saying that turtles under four inches cannot be sold commercially.

This happened in 1975 after two decades of baby turtles being sold by mail order or in “dime stores.”

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decided to ban these tiny turtles because too many kids were putting them in their mouths and getting infected with salmonella.

In reality, the law probably saved the lives of hundreds of thousands of turtles who never would have otherwise made it to adulthood.

Fortunately, now people know better. This means that for thousands the dream of owning turtles that stays small is alive and well.

However, considering the health and well-being of the turtle should always take precedent over personal pet ownership ambitions. All turtles will grow, so when you pick your tiny turtle, make sure you base your decision on the average adult size of that specific turtle species.

With that being said, let’s jump into discussing the cutest turtles that stay small!

Small Turtle Species #1: Mississippi Mud Turtle (4 inches)

mississippi mud turtlemississippi mud turtle

Despite the name, these turtles are more commonly found in southern Missouri and eastern Oklahoma although their natural habitat ranges from Texas to New York.

Their coloring does not stand out as it ranges from black to brown, can be mottled, and may have a yellow underside. They typically have one or two yellow stripes on the side of their head, which makes them easier to identify from other turtles in the area.

These turtles can sometimes reach eight inches in length but are typically between 3.5 and 4 inches. Hatchlings are only one inch in length when they are born, so they have a bit of growing to do before they reach adult size.

In captivity, Mississippi mud turtles need a habitat that mimics their natural environment. Small adults will need a 40-gallon aquarium at minimum, but aquariums ranging from 50 to 100 gallons are preferred.

If you are going to make a custom aquarium, aim for 6 inches of aquarium floor per 1 inch of adult turtle. By those measurements, a turtle that is 6 inches long should have at least 36 inches of floor to maneuver.

Long aquariums, rather than tall, are preferable because these turtles do like to travel.

The aquarium floor should be bare or covered in large rocks that are too big for the turtle to put into his mouth. Rocks will need to be disinfected every two weeks.

The aquarium will need a good external cannister filter to keep the water clean. The water should be between 74°F and 84°F. Use a submersible heater to maintain the temperature.

A basking lamp over a stone or log should be given in an area of the aquarium. Keep the basking area temperature between 85°F and 92°F.

The Mississippi mud turtle will eat a variety of aquatic animals like mussels, insects, and crayfish in the wild. They will also eat some plants and even a few small amphibians if they happen to have the misfortune of crossing the turtle’s path.

To mimic this carnivorous diet, these mud turtle can be fed worms, small or medium feeder fish, and insects as part of their regular diet.

They can be supplemented with a commercial food but some people prefer to have the turtles eat a mainly commercially prepared diet.

Small Turtle Species #2: Bog Turtle (3-4 inches)

baby bog turtlebaby bog turtle

The name of this turtle is a little on the nose. Don’t most turtles enjoy bogs?

Well, this one enjoys bogs in not one but TWO main locations in the United States.

The northern population lives around New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland. The southern one lives around Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia.

It is important to note that both these populations are considered threatened due to the black-market sale of Bog Turtles.

If you buy one, make sure you are using a reputable breeder that deals in captive bred bog turtles only.

Bog turtles are so incredibly popular because they are the smallest natural turtle in the United States. In fact, the longest Bog turtle ever recorded was only 4.5 inches long!

Most of them are an average of 4 inches long with many only reaching 3 inches. This is a fantastic turtle if size is one of the most important factors for you. 

One or two turtles can be kept in a 40-gallon aquarium, but as always, give them the most space you can possibly manage.

Bog turtles are easily recognizable by their yellow or orange splotches on either side of their temple.

Their shell is usually dark brown or black and could be marbled with red or brown streaks.

Their habitat is not too complicated, although you should house male turtles separately as they often get territorial. Otherwise they are adaptable, hardy and will eat almost anything.

If you want to breed them, this is also done easily in captivity.

Water should be cleaned regularly and heated to 65°F to 75°F with a basking spot between 85°F and 90°F.

They eat both plants and animals so give them a range of proteins like insects and worms plus fruit and vegetables like leafy greens and strawberries to keep them healthy.

Small Turtle Species #3: Common Musk Turtle (2-4.5 inches)

Common musk turtleCommon musk turtle

The common Musk turtle has the potential to be quite small, with the females being slightly smaller than the males. They have a wide range of natural habitat that includes most of eastern North America.

However, unlike some turtles, they do NOT like brackish water and spend the winter burrowed in mud. 

These little guys are good climbers and will often climb high into trees so if you are keeping one in an aquarium, take extra precautions to make sure they can’t get out.

They do not need as deep water as other turtles so about 18 inches is fine.

No substrate is necessary but large gravel works fine if you want to make your aquarium more attractive.

⭐️Fun Fact: Did you know, the Common Musk Turtle is also referred to as the “stinkpot” turtle because of the acid they excrete that gives them a musky odor?

The common musk turtle eats small invertebrates like snails and mollusks in the wild. As a pet it will love worms, crickets and cut up fish.

This turtle does not bask as much as other turtles, but still likes the option. Therefore a basking spot of about 90°F should be offered.

Like all turtles, a UVB lamp should be available to help them absorb nutrients. Keep the water temperature between 72°F and 78°F and you should have a happy turtle.

Small Turtle Species #4: Michigan Spotted Turtle (3-4 inches)

michigan spotted turtlemichigan spotted turtle

The spotted turtle ranges between 1 and 5 inches, but don’t get too excited thinking your turtle may be only an inch long. The majority of these turtles reach between 3 and 4 inches by adulthood.

The Michigan Spotted turtle is, of course, commonly found around Michigan but its natural habitat ranges around all of the great last and the Eastern Coast of the United States.

This turtle is easily identified by the yellow polka dots along its back. These spots fade as the turtle gets older, often transitioning into a yellow hue.

It’s even possible to find a spotted turtle without spots.

It has a wide, smooth carapace in brown or black and is a very attractive turtle.

The Michigan Spotted Turtle has no problem thriving in captivity, making it an excellent pet for new turtle owners.

This turtle is semiaquatic so it will need some land area in its habitat and an aquarium of at least 20 gallons. However, a larger aquarium will give you more room to landscape and the turtle more room to move.

The part of the aquarium that is water should be about 3 to 6 inches deep with water that is between 75°F and 85°F.

The ambient air should range between 82°F and 86°F with a basking spot of 88°F.

Spotted turtles love to eat and will eat a wide variety of food. This is just another reason they are so easy to keep.

They can eat

  • pre-killed adult mice
  • fish (live or frozen)
  • worms
  • pink (baby) mice
  • crickets
  • commercially prepared turtle food.

Small Turtle Species #5: Reeve’s Turtle (6 inches)

Reeves TurtleReeves Turtle

The Reeve’s turtle, also called the Chinese Pond Turtle, is from Asia with habitat in China, North and South Korea, Taiwan, and Japan.

They are somewhat easy to find as they breed easily in captivity and tend to be more readily available in the warmer months between May and September.

The Reeve’s turtle is not the smallest of the small turtles. The largest variations can grow up to 9 inches but they are usually about 6 inches long with females being larger than males.

They like water that is either still or slow moving and can be found in the wild in quiet marshes, swamps, and sometimes even flooded rice paddies.

One strange thing about this turtle is that they are not great swimmers! They do better in water that is not too deep, but deep enough that they can right themselves if they end up on their back.

A good rule of thumb is to have water that is 1.5 times the length of their shell. With those calculations, a six-inch turtle would have water that is about 9 inches deep.

The Reeve’s Turtle needs quite a bit of space because they are not as small as other small turtles, and because they are SO active.

One turtle should be in an aquarium that is 50 gallons and each additional turtle will need at least another 15 gallons. Even baby turtles need a 10 to 15-gallon tank to start.

🤓Expert Tip: Don’t want to have to stress over creating the perfect aquatic environment for your turtle? Why not consider a tortoise instead? Tortoises make great pets for individuals and children alike and have their fare share of differences from turtles (from habitat to care and beyond) that can make them more appealing pets for some.

The basking area for the Reeve’s turtle is NOT optional and they like things on the warmer side. These guys love to sunbathe at about 85°F to 95°F and have a balmy ambient temperature of 75°F to 85°F with a water temperature of 70°F to 80°F. In addition to heat, the Reeve’s turtle also needs a shady area and place to hide.

These turtles (both sexes) do show some territorial aggression and should be handled minimally. They can get aggressive with each other, but they do not usually inflict damage.

With that consideration, this turtle is probably best for a moderately expe
rienced turtle owner
.

Small Turtle Species #6: Diamondback Terrapins (5-9 inches)

Diamondback TerrapinsDiamondback Terrapins

This incredibly popular turtle has quite a variation in size between the sexes. The males tend to be about 5 inches long while the females can be up to 9 inches.

The easiest way to sex the Diamondback Terrapin is to look at their tales. The males have much wider and longer tails than females.

When they are finished growing, the male will be smaller than the female with a tail that is about three times as long. The males also mature much faster.

This can make it tricky to sex them when they are very young and you may need to consult an expert if you are getting a baby.

There are seven subspecies of the Diamondback Terrapin and they all live along the Eastern and Southeastern coastal areas in the United States with some populations focused around west Texas and southern Florida.

They have a unique look with a high contrast carapace (shell) with yellow and orange and lighter legs and skin that tend toward grey and white.

There are many color variations and their skin is often spotted or their shell could also be grey or white with little orange and yellow.

⭐️Fun Fact: In Connecticut, you cannot collect or possess a Diamondback Terrapin due to their dwindling numbers. In fact, according to Connecticut’s State Website, the Diamondback Terrapin was listed as a “species of special concern” under the state’s Endangered Species Act. 

Diamondback Terrapin personalities tend toward docility but the females can be more aggressive and are more likely to bite.

Given their larger size, extra care should be taken when handling females.

Adult terrapins cannot be crowded as they may start to nip at each other. Expect to use a 40-gallon long aquarium for one or two adult terrapins.

Some people opt to use Rubbermaid bins instead of aquariums. The water needs to be filtered and circulating and at a temperature of 76°F to 78°F. Give them a basking area of about 80°F to 90°F.

You should aim to feed them either a commercial turtle food OR mimic their natural food by giving them a variety of shellfish like shrimp.

Diamondback terrapins water requirements are a little more unique than that of other turtles

In the wild they live in brackish water. This means that wild caught turtles absolutely have to have saltwater added to their water to prevent shell rot. This is done at a ratio of about 1 tablespoon per gallon.

It is, however, more accurate to use a hydrometer and aim for a buoyancy rate around 1.014.

Captive bred turtles that are raised in freshwater may not need salt added, but you will need to watch for signs of shell rot and add salt if necessary.

If you keep your turtle in brackish water it’s a good idea to have a dish of fresh water available for drinking.

Benefits of Turtles That Stay Small

Besides the fact that tiny turtles are totally adorable, they do possess several other benefits both new and seasoned turtle owners alike can appreciate. 

Benefit #1: Affordability

While small turtles are no longer a dime, they are still very cheap. And because you don’t need a giant terrarium or expansive filtration system like you would with larger turtles, the cost doesn’t escalate.

Once you have your basic set up, there is very little additional cost other than turtle food, filters, and replacement bulbs. 

Benefit #2: Less Work Overall

For the same reasons small turtles are more affordable, they are also less work.

There will be either zero or minimal substrate to clean, the filtration system will need to be cleaned about once a week, and the turtles need to be fed typically every two or three days.

If you set your basking lamp on a timer you won’t have a lot left to do.

Benefit #3: Easy to Feed

Many reptiles and amphibians are notoriously hard to feed in proper ratios, but turtles tend to be a lot easier.

That doesn’t mean you can feed them anything and expect them to thrive. They still need a biologically appropriate diet.

However, they will eat easily and will eat a variety of food specimens so do some research or follow the instructions of your vet and you will have one happy turtle.

Wrapping Up Turtles That Stay Small 

Small turtles are never going to be as small as you might dream. They won’t stay one inch long, but there are many species that do not grow very big.

These make excellent pets as long as they have the right home habitat. Always choose a turtle from a reputable buyer who sells captive-bred turtles in order to get the healthiest turtle possible.

Shell Rot in Turtles & Tortoises: Here’s How to Treat Their Shell NOW…

Shell rot is the term that is used to refer to an infection that is anywhere on your turtle or tortoise’s shell.

Shell rot can occur on both the carapace (top ½ of the shell) and plastron (bottom ½ of the shell). The medical term for shell rot is ulcerative shell disease.

Unfortunately, helping heal your turtle or tortoise’s shell can be quite a long process…

However, that is by NO means meant to discourage you from taking proper steps to help salvage your pet’s shell!

In fact, should you be in search of an effective home treatment plan that can cure most mild cases of shell rot, well, look no further!

This article will explain what shell rot is, what you can do to help treat it from home, and when you need to go see an exotic veterinarian. 

So, without further ado, let’s dive right into discussing all things shell rot!

What Is Shell Rot & What Does It Look Like? 

Shell rot occurs when the bacteria found in your turtle or tortoises environment infect the blood vessels in the shell of a turtle. 

This will eventually cause small pits and divots in their shell and give their shell a moth-eaten appearance. You may also start to see soft spots forming or even have small areas of bloody discharge.

If your turtle or tortoise has a very bad shell rot, it may cause entire scutes to fall off.  This would expose the bone and nerves that are underneath the hard shell covering.

Shell rot is usually caused by an overgrowth of bacteria found in dirty environments, such as dirty water or moldy bedding.

As such, it is VERY important to know how to keep the water in your aquatic turtle tank clean and how to properly clean your tortoise’s environment.

Shell rot usually needs aggressive treatment such as antibiotics and daily cleaning.  This usually takes a very long time to heal.

Contact your exotic vet if you think that your turtle or tortoise has an infection before it causes them too much pain and suffering.

Shell Rot Causes

Shell RotShell Rot
Here you can see the faded, white, and moth-eaten appearance scutes take on when affected by shell rot.

Unfortunately, there is more than one thing that can lead to shell rot. Consider the following culprits behind this devastating disease… 

Shell Rot Cause #1: Damage to the Shell

Damage to the shell is usually responsible for the start of shell rot.  Once your tortoise or turtle has damaged its shell, it allows bacteria to grow in the cracks that are created. in

Here are some common examples of how your tortoise could damage their shell:

  • Fighting With Others. Tortoises and turtles can fight with other tortoises in their enclosure. Many times, this can crack their shells. 
  • Incorrect Humidity and Temperature. Your tortoise and turtles need the correct humidity water temperature in their cage. If their enclosure is not kept at the right temperature and humidity, their shell could crack.
  • Sharp Items in Their Cage. Most tortoise cages have things for them to hind in or climb on top of. Many of these may have sharp edges that can injury your tortoise’s shell. 

Shell Rot Cause #2: Improper Water or Habitat Conditions

Once your turtle or tortoise has damage to their shell, the bacteria that are living in their environment can cause these cracks to get infected. 

Your turtle or tortoise can get this infection from unclean water, moldy bedding, or unclean enclosure. 

Because of this, it is highly recommended that you clean your turtle’s water frequently!  Also, clean your tortoises drinking water that they may also play in very frequently and change out any soiled bedding. 

Shell Rot Cause #3: No Dry Place

Turtles will NEED a place that they can get out of their water.  They will spend most of their time swimming around in their water, but they will need a place that they can get out and stay dry. 

There are many floating docks that you can put in the tank with your turtle.  Sometimes your turtle may be too heavy, and when they climb on these, they will sink too far in the water.

This sinking will cause the underside of their shell to still be in the water.

When your turtle gets out of the water, they need a place where NONE of their shells is in the water. This allows their shell to dry fully.

If you have a big turtle, you will need to build them something that they can get up on that is completely dry. 

Shell Rot Symptoms

There are many symptoms that you will see if your tortoise or turtle has shell rot.

For starters, you can usually see the cracks in their shell.  These cracks will progress to a moth-eaten white appearance.

You will then start to notice that their shell does not look even. You may even see some of the plates start to live on the edges. 

In severe cases, you can see discharge coming from these parts of the shell.  This discharge usually has a VERY bad smell, making it hard to miss from both a visual and olfactory perspective.

As this progresses, the shell may start to pit with parts falling off and exposing the bone underneath.

Sometimes this bone will look normal but can be infected if they have had this disease for a very long time. 

Mild Shell Rot Home Treatment

Turtle or tortoise suffering from a mild case of shell rot? If so, give the easy 5 step regimen below a try.

Step #1: Figure Out What is Causing the Shell Rot 

If it is poor water quality, change the water to clean water. If you have two turtles or tortoises that are attacking each other, put them in separate enclosures.

Also, look around the cage and make sure that you that there is nothing that is causing damage to the shell. 

Step #2: Isolate Them From Water In Their Tank

If you have a turtle, remove them from their tank of water and keep them dry until their shell heals.  The tortoise should also not be able to get wet during this time except when you are cleaning their shells. 

Bottom line? Try to keep their shells as dry as possible. 

< strong>Step #3: Clean Your Pet’s Shell

Get a very soft bristle brush such as a baby toothbrush. Use this brush to scrub off any dirt or algae.

Give your turtle or tortoise a bath and gently scrape off anything that will come off. This will help keep their shells clear of an infection

Step #4: Kill the Bad Bacteria

Use a Chlorohexidine solution to clean your turtle or tortoise’s shell. You can also use hydrogen peroxide, but it will cause the healing process to be even slower as it can also damage good healthy cells.

Step #5: Apply Healing Cream

At this point in the treatment plan, you’ll want to  The best choice is silver sulfadiazine cream, but you can also use Neosporin or another triple antibiotic cream. Apply this cream a few times a day to all the areas that you see that are infected.

All in all, this full treatment regimen will need to be one to two times a day for 5 to 7 days or until your turtle or tortoise’s shell is back to normal. 

However, it is important to note that while these steps will help with most shell rot infections, some infections are simply too far progressed, and they will require the assistance of an experienced exotic vet. 

When to See the Vet

turtle at vetturtle at vet
Although the treatment plan outlined in this article should help your turtle or tortoise overcome mid cases of shell rot, it is by no means guaranteed to work. Knowing when to take your pet to an exotic vet for treatment can be the difference between life or death, so monitor their progress closely.

Many times, at-home treatment will be enough to clear your turtle or tortoise’s infection. 

Now, if you have been treating them at home for a few days and you do not see any improvement, you will need to take your turtle or tortoise to an exotic vet. 

Also, if you notice that it is getting worse, it is time to see a vet as shell rot can progress to Septicemic Cutaneous Ulcerative Disease (SCUD). 

SCUD is a VERY serious condition where the bacteria that is growing on the shell can get into the bloodstream. This can be a fatal disease as the pathogens are carried in blood supply and can start attacking your turtle or tortoise’s organs.

Usually, to treat SCUD, your turtle or tortoise will need antibiotics given either by mouth or as an injection.

How to Prevent Shell Rot 

Usually, with treatment, your turtle or tortoise will be able to fully recover from shell rot. By being a little more proactive, you can easily prevent shell rot in your turtle or tortoise.

These are common preventative measures you can take to prevent shell rot in your turtle or tortoise…

  • Keep Sharp Objects Out. When you are treating their shell, make sure to fully examine your turtle or tortoise cage for anything that can cause damage to their shell.
  • Keep Their Cage Clean. It would be wise to look at your cleaning routine. If you are not cleaning your turtle or tortoise’s cage appropriately, step up on the frequency of your cleaning. 
  • Monitor Their Temperature & Humidity. Make sure you are monitoring the temperature and humidity inside of the enclosure. If the humidity is too low, they will dry out, and the shell will start to crack.  If the humidity is too high, their shells will get too soft, and the edges of the scutes can peal up, allowing bacteria to get under there. 

Wrapping Up Shell Rot

Shell rot is a condition that many vets see in turtles and tortoises.

To avoid having your pet become another statistic, you’ll need to ensure their habitat is kept clean and at perfect temperature and humidity. 

If something is even just a little off can cause their shell to crack, giving bacteria a perfect place to take over.

Many times, this can be easily treated at home. However, there may come a time when you need to take your turtle or tortoise to the vet. 

The earlier that you start treating this, the faster and easier your turtle or tortoise will be able to return to normal. 

By keeping your turtle or tortoise’s habit clean and environment at a stable temperature, you can easily prevent shell rot.